of Petroleum is one of the premier institutes of Council of Scientific
and Industrial Research, (CSIR) and is accredited with ISO 9001:2000
certification. IIP provides Research and Development as well as technical
support to the downstream sector of the hydrocarbon industry. It develops and
transfers technologies to industry, in the area of petroleum refining, natural
gas, petrochemicals, chemicals and utilization of petroleum products. It
provides technical services to the industry, imparts training to the
personnel of the related industry, assists BIS in formulation of standards for
petroleum products and conducts techno-economic feasibility studies & market
demand surveys of petroleum products. It plays an important role in assisting
refineries in absorption, adaptation and selection of technologies and in
optimization of unit operations.
established in September 1960 by an Act of Parliament to provide technical and
scientific support to the entry of public sector in the hydrocarbon industry at
that time. Initially from 1962-66, it had technical collaboration with Francais
du Petrole (IFP) France.
Institute has its vast campus amidst lush green tea gardens in the foothills of
Garhwal Himalayas, at Dehradun. It has been functioning in this campus since
April 1963. Institute has qualified, experienced and dedicated staff of R & D
scientists and skilled technical personnel. Detailed information is available at
IIP has a strong
resource base- both in terms of scientific staff and financial resources. While
its experienced scientific and supporting staff constitute about 74% of its
total strength, the majority of scientific staff hold Ph.D. Degree. Presently
the strength of Scientists and Technical Officer is 130. The institute has
strengthened its financial base through external earnings to an extent of 50% of
the grant it gets from the CSIR, which speaks volumes about the faith the
industry has put in the Institute.
In the period
2002-05, 91 Research Papers were published. The Impact Factor of these research
papers has seen a steady growth and is now at the scale of 1.76. Thirty-six
(Indian and Foreign) patents were filed and 49 patents (Indian and Foreign) were
granted in this period. Fifteen Doctoral theses were awarded by various
Universities based on the research work conducted in the Institute.
IIP has a strong
infrastructure support for R&D activities and state-of-the- art facilities for
analysis, evaluation and testing of crude oil, petroleum products, chemicals and
catalysts. Facilities include computer-controlled fully automatic pilot plants
and micro-reactor units for catalyst and process development, multipurpose fully
automated pressure swing adsorption unit, biotechnological research facilities,
lubrication testing facilities, laser particle size analyser, short-path
molecular distillation system, software for computer simulation & modelling and
computer networking. Engine testing laboratory is equipped with chassis
dynamometer for HDC vehicles and cars. CFR engines for MON & RON, automatic
exhaust emission analyser, MPFI testing and dilution tunnel for particulate
measurement. The Institute has a workshop for designing and fabrication of
metallic and glass equipments, captive power generation and its own water supply
IIP’s core competence encompasses diverse aspects
of R&D in the downstream sector of petroleum industry as listed below:
evaluation and physicochemical characterization of petroleum products
studies including emissions and alternative fuels studies
and domestic combustion
development for petrochemicals and intermediates and for biocatalytic
of additives and specialty chemicals for hydrocarbon sector
level characterization of petroleum products and related products
modelling and process design
Major Processes & Products Developed and
The Institute follows a consortium
approach for development of its technologies and for providing the total
engineering package to its clients. Most of the R & D projects have industrial
partners in development.
The Institute has developed several world class
technologies in the refining and related areas. Thirty eight technologies
having licensed capacity around 28 million tonnes per annum have been
transferred to industry. Almost, every Indian refinery in the country has
technologies licensed by the Institute.
Major services being provided by the Institute to
Technical assistance and consultancy is provided
to refineries on various refining operation and related activities. Chemical
analysis by state-of-the-art equipment and performance evaluation of petroleum
products is conducted on standard engines. Lubricating oil, additives fuel,
fuel saving additives and devices are evaluated by field trials. Testing and
evaluation of fuels and oils for emission type approval, octane / cetane rating
of gasoline/diesel fuel and rating of engine components is provided. Emission
evaluation of power generator sets for COP testing, and testing of smoke
measuring equipments is also taken up. IIP provides engine oil qualification
certificates against BIS specifications.
The Institute conducts specialized training
programmes for technical personnel from refineries, petrochemical plants,
automotive industry and power plants. These programmes are designed as per
specific requirements. Faculty is mostly drawn from the Institute itself but is
supplemented with experts in specific areas invited from other organizations.
On an average 15-20 programmes are presently conducted per year. So far 5000
personnel from various industries have been trained at IIP. It would not be an
exaggeration to say today in the Indian hydrocarbon industry there is hardly any
person who has not had his training and knowledge brush-up at the IIP.
contribution of the Indian Institute of Petroleum to the society in general is
the conduct of the Fuel Testing Laboratory (FTL) in the National Capital Region
(NCR) of NOIDA, which keeps a check on the fuel quality in the NCR. IIP’s key
role consists in analysis of gasoline, diesel and kerosene for checking the
adulteration as well as in framing specifications, selection, commissioning and
calibration of equipments.
Awards and Recognitions
and its scientists have received many prestigious awards in recognition of
excellence in various fields. IIP has the distinction of bagging eight CSIR
Best Technology Awards in the past eleven years of institution of such awards by
CSIR. IIP has received FICCI, ICMA, NRDC awards for its technologies.
IIP is a member of various National bodies and is
recognized by Indian Universities and academic institutions to conduct research
leading to award of Master and Doctorate Degrees. The Institute has so far
produced 80 Ph.D’s in different disciplines relevant to R & D activities of the
Institute. The scientists of the Institute are members on the editorial boards
of reputed International and National Journals. Universities invite the eminent
scientists of the Institute as guest faculty and external examiners.
liberalization of Indian economy to integrate with global economy, IIP has moved
towards globalization of its technologies. It has forged alliance with several
prestigious international organizations such as SINTEF, Norway; CDTech, USA; and
Exxon Mobil, USA. The negotiations are in process with UOP, USA; GTC, USA and
Blyth Corporation USA.
Transfer of IIP
Within the scope of the licence of IIP process,
which grants the right to use IIP’s know-how, IIP ensures the supply of all
required technical documentation the full training of licencees personnel in
IIP’s facilities, all necessary assistance for the start-up of the licensee’s
plant and the disclosure of all future improvements of the IIP process.
The Road Ahead:
The institute would focus on new generation fuels
and lubricants, upgradation and development of refining processes for heavier
and high sulphur crudes, alternative fuels like the conversion of biomass to
fuels, biodiesel, conversion and utilization of natural gas including methane
and biodegradable lubricants.